The realisation of a distributed quantum network requires long-lived memory qubits such as electron spins efficiently interfaced with indistinguishable optical photons. Due to dynamic fluctuations in the solid-state environment, it remains a challenge to identify a solid-state emitter that simultaneously offers excellent optical properties and long-lived qubit coherence. Specifically, the impact of thermal phonons is irreversible, and fundamentally limits qubit coherence. Here, we employ silicon-vacancy (SiV) colour centres in diamond, known for their excellent optical properties, and demonstrate an approach to improve their phonon-limited spin coherence. Using a diamond nano-electro-mechanical system (NEMS), we control the SiV electronic structure by tuning strain, allowing us to both probe and quench the interaction of the colour centre with phonons. This approach also provides a scalable platform to overcome optical inhomogeneity among emitters. The large wavelength tunability and improved spin coherence that we demonstrate make the SiV an attractive platform for the realisation of a quantum network.
Zero-index metamaterials (ZIMs) offer unprecedented ways to manipulate the flow of light, and are of interest for wide range of applications including optical cloaking, super-coupling, and unconventional phase-matching properties in nonlinear optics. Impedance-matched ZIMs can be obtained through a photonic Dirac-cone (PDC) dispersion induced by an accidental degeneracy of an electric monopole and a transverse magnetic dipole mode at the center of the Brillouin zone. Therefore, PDC is very sensitive to fabrication imperfections. In this work, we propose and demonstrate fabrication-tolerant all-dielectric ZIM in telecom regime that supports near PDC dispersion over much wider parameter space than conventional designs. The prism device integrated with Si photonics is fabricated and measured for the verification.
Michael J. Burek, Justin D. Cohen, Seán M. Meenehan, Nayera El-Sawah, Cleaven Chia, Thibaud Ruelle, Srujan Meesala, Jake Rochman, Haig A. Atikian, Matthew Markham, Daniel J. Twitchen, Mikhail D. Lukin, Oskar Painter, and Marko Lončar. 11/18/2016. “Diamond optomechanical crystals.” Optica, 12, 3: 1404-1411. Publisher's Version